This hexagram is composed of the trigram Li above, i.e., flame, which burns upward, and Tui below, i.e., the lake, which seeps downward. These two movements are in direct contrast. Furthermore, Li is the second daughter and Tui the youngest daughter, and although they live in the same house they belong to different men; hence their wills are not the same but are divergently directed.
OPPOSITION. In small matters, good fortune.When people live in opposition and estrangement they cannot carry out a great undertaking in common; their points of view diverge too widely. In such circumstances one should above all not proceed brusquely, for that would only increase the existing opposition [the existing tension is not resolved by taking sides, any contribution or strenght of movement accentuates the opposition, for in times of discord, all moves are read into one side or another, further fragmenting and splintering all sides, as they all “read separately” into their own sides what in times of union is “read in unison”, what is vague becomes tainted with bias, what is radical is rewarded, what is wise is discarded, what is strong with opinion wins over subtlety of the discerning]; instead, one should limit oneself to producing gradual effects in small matters. Here success can still be expected, because the situation is such that the opposition does not preclude all agreement. In general, opposition appears as an obstruction, but when it represents polarity within a comprehensive whole, it has also its useful and important functions. The oppositions of heaven and earth, spirit and nature, man and woman, when reconciled, bring about the creation and reproduction of life [tense opposition resolved through the transcendent/wise Third or Other is redirecting the opposing energies into a creative common action in unison, whereaupon opposition starts to build up very slowly once more, if it is sustained however, the energies may implode and then scatter into a disaster, a social or personal catastrophy]. In the world of visible things, the principle of opposites makes possible the differentiation by categories through which order is brought into the world.
Above, fire; below, the lake: The image of OPPOSITION. Thus amid all fellowship The superior man retains his individuality. The two elements, fire and water, never mingle but even when in contact retain their own natures. So the cultured man is never led into baseness or vulgarity through intercourse or community of interests with persons of another sort; regardless of all commingling, he will always preserve his individuality.
Nine at the beginning means:
Remorse disappears.If you lose your horse, do not run after it;It will come back of its own accord. When you see evil people, Guard yourself against mistakes. Even in times when oppositions prevail, mistakes can be avoided, so that remorse disappears. When opposition begins to manifest itself, a man must not try to bring about unity by force, for by so doing he would only achieve the contrary [strenghtening the opposition] just as a horse goes farther and farther away if one runs after it. If it is one’s own horse, one can safely let it go; it will come back of its own accord. So too when someone who belongs with us is momentarily estranged because of a misunderstanding, he will return of his own accord if we leave matters to him. On the other hand, it is well to be cautious when evil men who do not belong with us force themselves upon us, again as the result of a misunderstanding. Here the important thing is to avoid mistakes. We must not try to shake off these evil men by force; this would give rise to real hostility. We must simply endure them. [with patience and decorum, it is all the more difficult to overcome and to be straight with one’s principles among wrong people, then amongst these with whom we find synthong of understanding and empathy, if we break in anger, we arise only enmity] They will eventually withdraw of their own accord. [after unconsciously seeing that they cannot achieve what they attempted, and that there is no parity, they go elsewhere without hatred, anger, or violence]
Nine in the second place means:
One meets his lord in a narrow street.No blame.As a result of misunderstandings, it has become impossible for people who by nature belong together to meet in the correct way. This being so, an accidental meeting under informal circumstances may serve the purpose, provided there is an inner affinity between them.
Six in the third place means:
One sees the wagon dragged back,The oxen halted,A man’s hair and nose cut off.Not a good beginning, but a good end. Often it seems to a man as though everything were conspiring against him. He sees himself checked and hindered in his progress, insulted and dishonored. However, he must not let himself be misled [even if an army of millions ariseth agains one, if he lets go of the self-grasping he is free, and pursues the firm and correct way, it has a benevolent effect of strenghtening the character in toil, humiliation, endurance and perseverance, in the end one does not become the victim of perception, whether truly conspired against, or paranoid – one in good faith predicts the movements of opponents in silence, and checks them in his mind, and discards any feeling of being harassed, overpowering the situation with a firm mind and line of thought] despite this opposition, he must cleave to the man with whom he knows he belongs [if one cannot find affinity with a close friend, may he find affinity with the Deities and their Providence, that established a correct relation to the Heavens and sweeps everything intto a necessary order]. Thus, notwithstanding the bad beginning, the matter will end well.
Nine in the fourth place means: Isolated through opposition, One meets a like-minded man with whom one can associate in good faith.Despite the danger, no blame.If a man finds himself in a company of people from whom he is separated by an inner opposition, he becomes isolated. But if in such a situation a man meets someone who fundamentally, by the very law of his being, is kin to him, and whom he can trust completely, he overcomes all the dangers of isolation [the dangers are many, starting with alienation, dehumanization, being naked in front of an enemy, opening the gates of abuse to opponents, inflation and megalomania, arrogance and too much self-worth, towering above the world in excess, being despaired and heart-broken, finding no affinity with anyone or anything anymore, collapsing into a void of nothingness, losing the thread, wasting one’s strenght, losing one’s principles, becoming a misantrope, becoming contaminated with vices that are difficult to uproot. The enemy always attempts to isolate its opponent, then destroy it from without and within, if the opponent attepts to isolate himself/herself too, he is ruined twice – by his enemy, and by himself, if one defeats himself in such a way, he falls, if he is inwardly undefeated, he perseveres. May one find continuous affinity to the Heavens and Deitites and returns to it in such a case, the enemy may attempt to subvert and overrun such affinities, but once the affinity is established, it is running as a lasting, well-weaved thread] . His will achieves its aim, and he becomes free of faults.
Six in the fifth place means:
Remorse disappears.The companion bites his way through the wrappings. [a loyal companion recognizes the wrapping, and goes through serious effort to bite through them, to see the diamond of affinity and friendship revealed] If one goes to him,How could it be a mistake? Coming upon a sincere man, one fails to recognize him at first because of the general estrangement. However, he bites his way through the wrappings that are causing the separation. When such a companion thus reveals himself in his true character, it is one’s duty to go to meet him and to work with him.
Nine at the top means:
Isolated through opposition,One sees one’s companion as a pig covered with dirt [one is disheartened and everywhere sees untrustworthy people] As a wagon full of devils.First one draws a bow against him, Then one lays the bow aside.He is not a robber; he will woo at the right time.As one goes, rain falls; then good fortune comes.Here the isolation is due to misunderstanding; it is brought about not by outer circumstances but by inner conditions. A man misjudges his best friends, taking them to be as unclean as a dirty pig and as dangerous as a wagon full of devils. He adopts an attitude of defense. But in the end, realizing his mistake, he lays aside the bow, perceiving that the other is approaching with the best intentions for the purpose of close union. Thus the tension is relieved. The union resolves the tension, just as falling rain relieves the sultriness preceding a thunderstorm. All goes well, for just when opposition reaches its climax it changes over to its antithesis.