Hsieh – Deliverance

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Here the movement goes out of the sphere of danger. The obstacle has been removed, the difficulties are being resolved [the thorn is removed from the Camel’s hoof, the threads of events depend on the method of their resolution]. Deliverance is not yet achieved; it is just in its beginning, and the hexagram represents its various stages.

THE JUDGMENT

DELIVERANCE. The southwest furthers.If there is no longer anything where one has to go, Return brings good fortune [two steps behind, one finds oneself at home] .If there is still something where one has to go, Hastening brings good fortune.This refers to a time in which tensions and complications begin to be eased [harmony amongst tensions is established]. At such times we ought to make our way back to ordinary conditions as soon as possible; this is the meaning of “the southwest.” These periods of sudden change have great importance. Just as rain relieves atmospheric tension, making all the buds burst open, so a time of deliverance from burdensome pressure has a liberating and stimulating effect on life [the fates are cathartic, the wonderer that almost reached an abiding place observes the rain falling through the mist]. One thing is important, however: in such times we must not overdo our triumph. The point is not to push on farther than is necessary. Returning to the regular order of life as soon as deliverance is achieved brings good fortune [any pressures that go beyond might lead to a new strife]. If there are any residual matters that ought to be attended to, it should be done as quickly as possible, so that a clean sweep is made and no retardations occur.

THE IMAGE

Thunder and rain set in: The image of DELIVERANCE. Thus the superior man pardons mistakes and forgives misdeeds [it has an effect of releasing one from the burden primarily, a grudge is our burden not that of others, hate is a subjective attachment to the subject of our hate, it also resolved the guilt or shame in others, that lets them carry forth, if they understand the mistake and correct it – that is a punishment enough, if they don’t – that is not within our strenght to change it].A thunderstorm has the effect of clearing the air; the superior man produces a similar effect when dealing with mistakes and sins of men that induce a condition of tension [awe! awe! the dragon lightning strikes! it disperses and corrects, it puts things into messages and motions, it straightens the spoiled roots of natures, it brings the limits to these who grown lose in mind]. Through clarity he brings deliverance. However, when failings come to light, he does not dwell on them; he simply passes over mistakes, the unintentional transgressions, just as thunder dies away [he does not ponder upon mistakes, but firmly corrects them, he does not dwell on the past errors, but resolutely carries a proper view into the present and future, like rain that washes stains away, he should not let be caught bewailing an error, least he commits more and grows accustomed to them, reality should not be frozen in this light, these who are prisoners of the past and transpose it into the present are the prisoners of reality, they are more busy living over the past then living the present taking wisdom from past experiences]. He forgives misdeeds, the intentional transgressions, just as water washes everything clean.

THE LINES

Six at the beginning means:

Without blame.In keeping with the situation, few words are needed. The hindrance is past, deliverance has come. One recuperates in peace and keeps still. This is the right thing to do in times when difficulties have been overcome.

Nine in the second place means:One kills three foxes in the field and receives a yellow arrow. Perseverance brings good fortune.The image is taken from the hunt. The hunter catches three cunning foxes and receives a yellow arrow as a reward. The obstacles in public life are the designing foxes who try to influence the ruler through flattery. They must be removed before there can be any deliverance. But the struggle must not be carried on with the wrong weapons. The yellow color points to measure and mean in proceeding against the enemy; the arrow signifies the straight course [the truth is brought to light by means of a single masterful strike, it unmasks the enemy and renders him powerless, the arrow is carrying support as it jets through the air, Buddhist saying applies ”achieve everything with a single mean”, this mean applied to time and change with natural force is resolving everything towards the better, if one knows throughout life what means need to be used, he shoots his arrows at the right time and space, and always pierces through three heads, the heavenly archer, like a Mongolian horseman, rides and measures the distance and through intuitive flash hits his target in an almost impossible manner, wisdom is a a skill to do the same thing in affairs of men, heavens and hells either through speech, command, action, action, withdrawal or stillness, one knows when, how and why] . If one devotes himself wholeheartedly to the task of deliverance, he develops so much inner strength from his rectitude that it acts as a weapon against all that is false and low.

Six in the third place means:

If a man carries a burden on his back and nonetheless rides in a carriage,He thereby encourages robbers to draw near.Perseverance leads to humiliation.This refers to a man who has come out of needy circumstances into comfort and freedom from want. If now, in the manner of an upstart, he tries to take his ease in comfortable surroundings that do not suit his nature, he thereby attracts robbers [one should adopt measures that are continuous and not grow to attached to his temporary well-being, if one loses his guard and gets carried away by the situation, he wastes his habits and ways, methods and wisdom, one should confront and engage life in every instance, not losing his hard-won experiences and not forgetting about them]. If he goes on thus he is sure to bring disgrace upon himself. Confucius says about this line:“Carrying a burden on the back is the business of a common man; a carriage is the appurtenance of a man of rank. Now, when a common man uses the appurtenance of a man of rank, robbers plot to take it away from him. If a man is insolent toward those above him and hard toward those below him, robbers plot to attack him. Carelessness in guarding things tempts thieves to steal. Sumptuous ornaments worn by a maiden are an enticement to rob her of her virtue.”

Nine in the fourth place means:Deliver yourself from your great toe.Then the companion comes, and him you can trust.In times of standstill it will happen that inferior people attach themselves to a superior man, and through force of daily habit they may grow very close to him and become indispensable, just as the big toe is indispensable to the foot because it makes walking easier. But when the time of deliverance draws near, with its call to deeds, a man must free himself from such chance acquaintances with whom he has no inner connection. For otherwise the friends who share his views, on whom he could really rely and together with whom he could accomplish something, mistrust him and stay away.

Six in the fifth place means:

If only the superior man can deliver himself, it brings good fortune.Thus he proves to inferior men that he is in earnest.Times of deliverance demand inner resolve. Inferior people cannot be driven off by prohibitions or any external means. If one desires to be rid of them, he must first break completely with them in his own mind [the mind is the basis of all inner accords, and thus outter things in resolution and effectuation]; they will see for themselves that he is in earnest and will withdraw.

Six at the top means:

The prince shoots at a hawk on a high wall.He kills it. Everything serves to further.The hawk on a high wall is the symbol of a powerful inferior in a high position who is hindering the deliverance. He withstands the force of inner influences, because he is hardened in his wickedness. He must be forcibly removed, and this requires appropriate means. Confucius says about this line:“The hawk is the object of the hunt; bow and arrow are the tools and means. The marksman is man (who must make proper use of the means to his end). The superior man contains the means in his own person. He bides his time and then acts. Why then should not everything go well? He acts and is free. Therefore all he has to do is to go forth, and he takes his quarry. This is how a man fares who acts after he has made ready the means.” [the means should be prepared and regenerated, they should nott be brought to a standstill, least we lose them, like tools, through carelessness]

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