Category Archives: 3. Chun (Difficulty at the Beginning)

Chun – Difficulty at the Beginning


The name of the hexagram, Chun, really connotes a blade of grass pushing against an obstacle as it sprouts out of the earth—hence the meaning, “difficulty at the beginning.” [inasmuch as the bark of the tree testifies for its strenght, and experience, the blade of grass is a sharp poignant focused resolution, that returns to itself during storms and heavy winds and showers, and has its roots firm nevertheless, it is swift, light yet stout] The hexagram indicates the way in which heaven and earth bring forth individual beings [through tension of concord, mutual things emerge in harmony]. It is their first meeting, which is beset with difficulties. The lower trigram Chên is the Arousing; its motion is upward and its image is thunder. The upper trigram K’an stands for the Abysmal, the dangerous. Its motion is downward and its image is rain. The situation points to teeming, chaotic profusion; thunder and rain fill the air. But the chaos clears up. While the Abysmal sinks, the upward movement eventually passes beyond the danger. A thunderstorm brings release from tension, and all things breathe freely again.


Difficulty at the Beginning works supreme success, [it is much greater a feature to achieve mastership by scarce means, with no support, then through a privilaged training, in Greek tragedies ‘these tried by the Heavens are the ones most favored’, the unbroken perseverance in overcoming is worthy, the blade of grass overcomes the storm] Furthering through perseverance.Nothing should be undertaken.It furthers one to appoint helpers.Times of growth are beset with difficulties. They resemble a first birth. But these difficulties arise from the very profusion of all that is struggling to attain form [one may from an unwieldy, chaotic, non-formed clay of a character shape a great man or woman, depending on the will of the latter in shaping himself/herself and rounding and perfecting]. Everything is in motion: therefore if one perseveres there is a prospect of great success, in spite of the existing danger. When it is a man’s fate to undertake such new beginnings, everything is still unformed, dark. Hence he must hold back, because any premature move might bring disaster [restraint does not mean being inwardly static, stillness of the mind is mature in motion]. Likewise, it is very important not to remain alone; in order to overcome the chaos he needs helpers [the value of Comitas from Via Romana, friendship in good humour is of great importance, loss of friends is dangerous to the developing character, isolation and alienation breeds contempt and arrogance, or despair and depression, unless checked by still strenght – only in maturity one may return to seclusion if one may “be in the company of Heavens on his/hers own”, one is never left alone in honesty if one recognizes the sign of invisible companionship. It is better to withdraw and be reserved than to affiliate oneself with the wrong people – the latter may not influence a strong character – they may be swept under its influence to their benefit if the strong character “talks many ways”, without antagonism –  but to a weak character in training –  they threaten practice and may pull the young person under their influence, when it turns towards the bad]. This is not to say, however, that he himself should look on passively at what is happening. He must lend his hand and participate with inspiration and guidance.


Clouds and thunder:The image of Difficulty at the Beginning.Thus the superior man Brings order out of confusion [Ordo ab Chao is a renewal towards Concord, the ability relies on finding strategic points of the whole and amending them likewise, so the house of cards falls naturally, but is immediately swept into a different reformed structure, it is not brought to ruin, but falls into a new form].Clouds and thunder are represented by definite decorative lines; this means that in the chaos of difficulty at the beginning, order is already implicit [chaos is perceived, and there is no one to turn to, the fog surrounding us seems impenetrable, everywhere an abyss, it is a terrifying sight, but it is as if dark clouds would cover our seeing and feeling, clarity of sight is trained thus, oft these tried by such mental and emotive situations and insight emerges and is fixed, more difficulties may arise with misfortunes, sight of mind may be temporarily perverted, twisted, but it has that superior insight ready to penetrate and life the dark stormy clouds]

So too the superior man has to arrange and organize the inchoate profusion of such times of beginning, just as one sorts out silk threads from a knotted tangle and binds them into skeins. In order to find one’s place in the infinity of being, one must be able both to separate and to unite. [the threads and flashes of events at first seem like a chaotic cobweb – in time, separate threads emerge then the structure is seen, and order emerges out of chaos, one knows how to move through the dangerous grounds, one knows when to stop, and then – how to plot the silver threads]


Nine at the beginning means:Hesitation and hindrance.It furthers one to remain persevering.It furthers one to appoint helpers.If a person encounters a hindrance at the beginning of an enterprise, he must not try to force advance but must pause and take thought. However, nothing should put him off his course; he must persevere and constantly keep the goal in sight. It is important to seek out the right assistants, but he can find them only if he avoids arrogance and associates with his fellows in a spirit of humility. Only then will he attract those with whose help he can combat the difficulties.

Six in the second place means:Difficulties pile up.Horse and wagon part.He is not a robber;

He wants to woo when the time comes.The maiden is chaste,She does not pledge herself.Ten years—then she pledges herself.We find ourselves beset by difficulties and hindrances. Suddenly there is a turn of affairs, as if someone were coming up with a horse and wagon and unhitching them. This event comes so unexpectedly that we assume the newcomer to be a robber [oft being given to much misfortunes, and acts of thievery and plotting schemes, deceptions, we generalize and perceive even a friendly person that we do not know as an anonymous potential enemy, that gives us additional caution, but we miss the opportunity of finding a friendly companion, reserve is a good thing, overt trust is unwise, yet the misfortune developing into paranoia and suspicion overshadows the true situation] Gradually it becomes clear that he has no evil intentions but seeks to be friendly and to offer help. But this offer is not to be accepted, because it does not come from the right quarter. We must wait until the time is fulfilled; ten years is a fulfilled cycle of time [one does not accept help that ties us up with anonymous sources, one must rely on one’s assessment and thouroughly see through situations to trust if such a reliance would occur, if help is given from anonymous quarter, we depend on the other and his whims, and hence like a curious fox fall into a trap, a foolish man following others may be exploited, and relies on murky ties, behaves like a young girl falling for a stronger man, similarly – a female of dignity will not run after things that shine]. Then normal conditions return of themselves, and we can join forces with the friend intended for us. Using the image of a betrothed girl who remains true to her lover in face of grave conflicts, the hexagram gives counsel for a special situation. When in times of difficulty a hindrance is encountered and unexpected relief is offered from a source unrelated to us, we must be careful and not take upon ourselves any obligations entailed by such help [these also includes hidden obligations, and that is judged by the knowledge of the person that offers help]; otherwise our freedom of decision is impaired. If we bide our time, things will quiet down again, and we shall attain what we have hoped for.

Six in the third place means:Whoever hunts deer without the foresterOnly loses his way in the forest.The superior man understands the signs of the timeAnd prefers to desist.To go on brings humiliation.If a man tries to hunt in a strange forest and has no guide, he loses his way. When he finds himself in difficulties he must not try to steal out of them unthinkingly and without guidance. Fate cannot be duped [it needs to be understood, accepted, and if possible, amended by character and effort to make the right of it] premature effort, without the necessary guidance, ends in failure and disgrace. Therefore the superior man, discerning the seeds of coming events, prefers to renounce a wish rather than to provoke failure and humiliation by trying to force its fulfillment.

Six in the fourth place means:Horse and wagon part.Strive for union.To go brings good fortune.

Everything acts to further.We are in a situation in which it is our duty to act, but we lack sufficient power. However, an opportunity to make connections offers itself. It must be seized. Neither false pride nor false reserve should deter us. Bringing oneself to take the first step, even when it involves a certain degree of self-abnegation, is a sign of inner clarity [contrary – is the sign of either muddening of the mind, cowardice, or inflated ideas that prevent the act] To accept help in a difficult situation is not a disgrace. If the right helper is found, all goes well.

Nine in the fifth place means:Difficulties in blessing.A little perseverance brings good fortune.Great perseverance brings misfortune.An individual is in a position in which he cannot so express his good intentions that they will actually take shape and be understood. Other people interpose and distort everything he does. He should then be cautious and proceed step by step [otherwise these who distort will have all ties and means to capture one and prevent his or hers actions, amongst these who bar the progress and expression, extra-ordinary caution is necessary, to be integral, consistent and transparent even under barrage of lies and slander is necessary, when one is drowned in the lies and distortions one remains honest transparent and integral towards heavens, Leonardo da Vinci “These who mind is fixed to a star, are not hurt by lies and slander”]. He must not try to force the consummation of a great undertaking, because success is possible only when general confidence already prevails. It is only through faithful and conscientious work, unobtrusively carried on, that the situation gradually clears up and the hindrance disappears.

Six at the top means:Horse and wagon part.Bloody tears flow.The difficulties at the beginning are too great for some persons. They get stuck and never find their way out; they fold their hands and give up the struggle. Such resignation is the saddest of all things [so many heroes vanquished in youthful despair, the clay is potent, may it be molded, instead of going to waste]. Therefore Confucius says of this line: “Bloody tears flow: one should not persist in this.”